The classroom, often the scene of intense human interplay, is a recurrent theme in cinema, with teachers in the leading roles.
P.R.O.F.S Patrick Schulmann, 1985
Led by freethinking literature teacher Frédéric Game (Patrick Bruel), four young teachers decide to bring new methods into the classroom. But when they’re confronted with opposition from their older and old-fashioned colleagues, they unleash a fierce wave of childish pranks, among other things spiking the math teacher’s coffee with alcohol and giving the Marxist geography teacher a Hitler-style shave. Taking nonconformism and rebellion to a whole new level, the hilarious comedy was inspired by the student riots and protest demonstrations of May 1968. If the jokes are quite dated now, the cast remains superb, especially stage and screen star Fabrice Luchini as the extroverted art professor.
La Pianiste (The Piano Teacher), Michael Haneke, 2001
A highly intelligent pianist, middle-aged Erika Kohut (Isabelle Huppert) is obliged to teach music to make a living. But she’s also driven by sexual obsessions and repressed by her domineering mother. When she meets Walter (Benoît Magimel), her new young student, she decides to invite him into her wild, masochistic fantasies. La Pianiste won the Cannes Film Festival Grand Jury prize, as well as Best Actress and Best Actor awards for its stars, with its fascinating tale of power and perversion, in which the positions of teacher and pupil are abruptly reversed. The result is a disturbing, raw and moving film with a stellar performance by Huppert—probably the best actress of her generation, but possibly the most horrific teacher ever on screen.
Etre et Avoir (To Be and To Have) Nicolas Philibert, 2002
An unexpected critical and public success, Etre et Avoir is a touching documentary about a one-room village schoolhouse in rural Auvergne, where Georges Lopez teaches 13 children, ages four to twelve. Aside from learning to write and count, the kids discover cooking, the art of riding tractors, and mostly how to live in harmony with one another. Warm and mesmerizing, the film captures the nature of education through beautiful, impressionistic takes. Close to retirement, Lopez shines as a paragon of dedication with a true vocation for teaching. This moving piece on the mysteries of childhood will win your heart—as will little Jojo, the true star of the film.
Entre les Murs (The Class), Laurent Cantet, 2008
Awarded the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival, Entre les Murs is a riveting, insightful look at one year at a racially mixed inner-city high school in Paris. François Marin (played by François Bégaudeau, a former teacher himself and author of the novel on which the film is based) hopes to inspire his students but faces mixed success and at times utter failure. Rarely has a movie so realistically portrayed the French education system. Packed with verbal battles between the students and their teacher, Entre les Murs captures the dynamics of an average Parisian classroom today, with its multiple cultural backgrounds and shifting balance of power. It’s a fresh, though certainly not idyllic, image of modern French young adults as they struggle to cope with cultural norms.
La Journée de la Jupe (Skirt Day) Jean-Paul Lilienfeld, 2009
Back on screen after a hiatus of several years, Isabelle Adjani plays Sonia, a long-suffering French high school teacher who is constantly subjected to rudeness, taunting attitude and lack of respect from her students. After a scrum between two violent pupils, a gun falls to the ground at Sonia’s feet. Grabbing it, she accidentally wounds one of the boys, then impulsively takes half the class hostage. A powerful social thriller, La Journée de la Jupe takes on numerous issues including religious intolerance, immigration, lack of respect for women and pedagogy. Full of emotion and brutality, the film might have been far different if not for the extraordinary performance by Adjani, who won her fifth Best Actress César for this role.
TIED FOR SIXTH
Les Risques du Métier (Risky Business), André Cayatte, 1967. Drama
Le Maître d’Ecole Claude Berri, 1981. Comedy
Le Plus Beau Métier du Monde (The Best Job in the World), Gérard Lauzier, 1996. Drama
Les Choristes (The Chorus), Christophe Barratier, 2004. Drama
L’Ecole pour Tous (School for All), Eric Rochant, 2006. Comedy
Trailers for most of these films can be found on www.youtube.com
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Originally published in the September 2011 issue of France Today